Coriander (Coriandrum sativum L.) is an annual herb, mainly cultivated for its fruits as well as for the smooth green leaves. It is native of the Mediterranean place. In India, it’s miles grown in Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Karnataka, Rajasthan and Madhya Pradesh. Major element is even though ate up locally; a small amount is being exported now.
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The fruits have a fragrant odour and excellent fragrant flavor. The odour and flavor are due to the vital oil content, which varies from 0.1 to one.Zero % in the dry seeds. These essential oils are used for flavouring liquors, coca arrangements in confectionary and additionally to masks the offensive odours in pharmaceutical preparations.
The dried floor culmination are the foremost components of the curry powder. The complete end result also are used to flavour meals like pickles, sauces and confectionary. The young plants in addition to the leaves are used within the practise of chutney and also are used as seasonings in curries, soups, sauces and chutneys. It has medicinal properties too. Fruits are said to have carminative, diuretic, tonic, stomachic and aphrodisiac homes.
Coriander belongs to the family Apiaceae. It is a smooth, erect annual herb 30 to 70 cm high, decrease leaves large with crenately lobed margins, upper leaves finely cut with lineary lobes, plant life small, white or purple in compound terminal umbels, fruits – schizocarp, globular, yellow-brown, ribbed, 2 seeds, ripe seeds are fragrant.
Climate and Soil
It is a tropical crop and may be grown throughout the year (besides very warm season i.E. March-May) for leaf purpose, but for better grain yield it has to be grown in specific season. A dry and cold weather free from frost especially at some point of flowering and fruit putting level favours good grain manufacturing. Cloudy weather for the duration of flowering and fruiting stage favours pest and ailment incidences. Heavy rain impacts the crop. As an irrigated crop, it could be cultivated on almost all kinds of soils supplied sufficient organic depend is applied. Black cotton soils with excessive retentivity of moisture is satisfactory beneath rainfed situations.