Green Peas, also popularly referred to as garden peas is one of the vegetable vegetation in India and essentially this crop is cultivated for its inexperienced pods. Green peas belong to Leguminaceae family. Green Peas are used in vegetable cooking’s, in soups & frozen canned food as well. Green Pea straw is a nutritious fodder and be used for any animal (livestock) feed.
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Major Green Peas Production States in India:- Karnataka , Madhya Pradesh , Rajasthan, West Bengal, Punjab, Assam, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Himachal Pradesh, Bihar and Orissa.
Health Benefits of Green Peas: – Some of the health benefits of Green Peas are given beneath.
Green Peas assist in dropping weight.
Green Peas assist in controlling blood sugar stages.
Green Peas help in prevention of wrinkles, alzheimers, arthritis, bronchitis and osteoporosis.
Green Peas supply of anti-getting older, strong immune device, and high electricity.
Green Peas may also assist in prevention of belly most cancers.
Green Peas may additionally help in enhancing digestion.
Local Names of Green Peas in India:- Muttar (Hindi), Batani (Kannada), Matar (Marathi), Bhatani (Telugu), Pattani (Tamil), Bara Matar (Bengali), Pacha pattani (Malayalam), Matara (Oriya), Matar (Punjabi).
Commercial-hybrid sorts of Green Peas in India:- Early Bejar, Arket, Jawahar and Bonevilla.
Agro-climatic requirement for Green Peas Farming:- Agro climatic situations are very important while planting inexperienced peas; it determines the time of sowing, location in the crop rotation. Green peas develop nice in moist and funky regions. Ideal temperature for green peas cultivation is between 10C to 30C. Above 30C temperature may also result in bad yielding. Green Peas cultivation requires soil moisture content @ flowering and pod improvement level. Ideal rainfall of 500 mm required for its crop growth.
Soil Requirement for Green Peas Farming:- Green Peas may be cultivated in extensive style of soils. However they develop satisfactory in well-drained soils with pH variety of 6 to eight. Soils with properly organic rely will result in suitable yield and best of peas. Appropriate rotten Farm Yard Manure (F.M.Y) can be implemented at the time of land instruction. To find any deficiency nutrient values in soil, one must perform soil take a look at earlier than making plans the cultivation.
seed rate in Green Peas Farming:- The optimum seed fee is ready 20 to 30 kg in keeping with hectare.
Seed remedy in Green Peas Farming:- Pea seeds have to be handled with Rhizium way of life to present better yields and high-quality.
Method of sowing and Sowing time in Green Peas Farming:- Soaking the pea seeds in water in a single day earlier than sowing result in better seed germination. The green peas are commonly sown via extensive casting approach or dibbling technique. Sowing time for pea seeds are depending on the area of cultivation. In India ,normally Rabi season crop sowing starts from Oct to November mid inside the plains. In hills, it’d be from center of March to May end. To get higher yields, sowing of seed at some stage in the first week of Nov is preferred.
Spacing in Green Peas Farming:- Flat mattress layout need to be used with spacing of forty five cm X 25 cm.
Manures and Fertilizers in Green Peas Farming:- To make the soil rich and get super yields, add 40 to 60 cartloads of Farm Yard Manure (F.M.Y) per hectare @ the time of soil or land coaching. Inorganic fertilizers like : 45 kg of ‘P’ , 30 kg of ‘N’, and 50 kg of ‘K’ /ha ought to be applied. Fertilizers need to be carried out in break up doses (half of dose of ‘N’ or complete dose ‘P’ & ‘K’ have to be carried out at the time of sowing). Remaining half of dose of ‘N’ must be implemented after 1month of sowing.
Irrigation in Green Peas Farming:- Frequent irrigation have to be executed in inexperienced peas cultivation, once more it all relies upon on season. If it’s wet season, low periods of irrigation required. However, every irrigation have to be done at an eight to ten days interval. Usually Pulse plants requires better water percent as compared to cereal vegetation. In green peas farming, Irrigation may be very essential at the time flowering and pod or grain development stage. In case of water logging, make certain the soil drains off well.
Intercultural operations/Weed manage in Green Peas Farming:- At about 8 weeks stage, while the pea vegetation are began spreading, they ought to be supported by means of bamboo sticks to avoid any loss in manufacturing.
As the pea plantation is accomplished in rows in closed spacing, it is tough to govern the weeds by means of mechanical methods. Using herbicides is the powerful method of controlling weeds in peas cultivation. Propazine, atrazine, & simazine @ zero.60 kg/acre gave proper consequences in controlling the weeds peas plantation. Prometryne at 400 to 450 grams/acre become most useful in enhancing vegetative increase of the vegetation & yield of pods.
Harvesting of Green Peas:- In standard, the green peas pods ought to be harvested at the same time as simply brief of attaining adulthood Harvesting of peas may additionally begin as quickly as peas started converting color from darkish to green. Harvesting time depends at the variety of peas sowed. For early variety can be harvested in 40 to 60 days, mid season crop may be harvested in 75 days and Late season crop can be harvested in a hundred days. Multiple pickling like, 4 to 5 pickling must be done within the 2 to 10 days.
Yield of Green Peas:- The yield will always dependent on farm management practices and style of seed cultivated. In early range, an average yield of 30 to forty quintals in keeping with hectare can be predicted in which as in mid season and overdue season sorts, yield might be extra @ forty five to 60 quintals according to hecta