Guide for RICE-cum-FISH FARMING

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RAJITH VELLAMUNDA

Production of fish in rice fields is almost as primitive as the practice of rice culture itself. Rice farming with- fish subculture is a sort of duo way of life farming gadget wherein rice is the sole enterprise and fishes are taken to initiate extra for added profits. Rice-cum fish tradition is practiced in lots of rice-growing belts of the arena along with China, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Korea, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and India. Rearing of fish in conjunction with paddy is an older farming exercise adopted in India. It has largely been practiced in a conventional primitive manner in the coastal regions of the us of a.

Rice and fish are the staple meals of India while India is an agro- based developed united states of america. The future improvement of the country is very much related with the agricultural quarter. As an socio-economic activity fisheries ranks 2nd in the global to agriculture sector. Fishery as at the primary sub-sectors has been playing a substantial critical position in terms of nutrients, employment, foreign exchange profits, suitable supply and greater importantly socio-monetary balance inside the rural regions.

India is the land of water with several rivers and the u . S . Could be very rich in natural water assets inside the form of rivers, reservoirs, ditches, lakes, ponds, flood plains and huge areas of rice fields and so forth. The Rice–fish farming lifestyle entails the simultaneous production of rice and fish in irrigated rice fields if you want to reap an delivered production of fish with rice.

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Production of fish in rice fields is nearly as primitive as the exercise of rice tradition itself. Rice farming with- fish subculture is a form of duo lifestyle farming gadget wherein rice is the only organisation and fishes are taken to initiate additional for extra earnings. Rice-cum fish culture is practiced in many rice-developing belts of the world together with China, Bangladesh, Malaysia, Korea, Indonesia, Philippines, Thailand and India. Rearing of fish at the side of paddy is an older farming practice followed in India. It has in large part been practiced in a traditional primitive way within the coastal regions of the us of a.

Rice and fish are the staple food of India whereas India is an agro- primarily based advanced usa. The destiny improvement of the united states may be very a great deal related with the rural quarter. As an socio-financial pastime fisheries ranks second inside the international to agriculture quarter.

Fishery as on the major sub-sectors has been gambling a huge crucial role in terms of nutrition, employment, forex earnings, correct deliver and more importantly socio-economic balance within the rural areas. India is the land of water with several rivers and the usa is very wealthy in herbal water sources within the shape of rivers, reservoirs, ditches, lakes, ponds, flood plains and large regions of rice fields and so forth. The Rice–fish farming way of life entails the simultaneous production of rice and fish in irrigated rice fields that allows you to reap an added production of fish with rice.

The primary goal of this sustainable farming exercise is :

i. To investigate the relative profitability of the use of rice-cum-fish way of life evaluate to rice monoculture.

Ii. To determine the effects of the rice-cum-fish way of life in changing yields, general fees, fish intake and labour employment as compared to the monoculture.

Iii. To identify the important troubles in undertaking included rice-fish farming and

iv. To determine the effect of various fish mixtures on fish yield in Rice-cum-fish culture device, in order to recommending the final results to prospective rice/ fish farmers.

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Benefits of Integrated Farming/ or rice cum fish way of life machine:

1. Improves the soil fertility & soil fitness.

2. Increasing monetary yield in line with unit area.

Three. Reduction in production charges.

4. Decreases farm input requirements.

5. Multiple income assets.

6. Family profits guide.

7. Efficient usage of own family labour.

8.Reduction in animal feeding requirements.

9. Minimize the usage of chemical fertilizers

10. Provides balanced nutritious food for the farmers.

11. Solves the energy problems with biogas.

12. Avoids degradation of forests.

13. Enhance employment era.

14. Pollution free surroundings.

15. Recycling of sources.

Sixteen. Improves the fame & livelihood of the farmer.

Practices / or era engaged in rice cum fish farming

Site selection:

The web page choice for rice cum fish farming is low mendacity area in which water flows without difficulty and available at any time in wishes.

Soil excellent:

The soil of the paddy subject ought to be fertile wealthy in natural manure and has excessive water protecting potential. Usually medium textured soils like silty clay or silty clay loam are maximum appropriate for paddy cum fish farming/ or shrimp tradition.

Bund education:

The plots selected for paddy cum fish subculture are generally prepared inside the month of February by using raising their embankment all alongside the plots. The paddy fields are appropriate for fish subculture at the areas because of robust bund, which prevent leakage of water to hold water upto preferred depth and additionally guarded the break out of cultivated fingerlings/ or fishes during the floods. The dykes have to be built robust sufficient to make up the height because of geographical and topographic vicinity of the sphere. The bamboo display mating have to be achieved at the base of the bund location for its assist.

Field leveling:

After the crowning glory of bund creation the bottom of paddy fields are leveled with the help of spade and local made wood plates. Manual weeding is executed in the course of the month of February observed by creation of irrigated channel for easy passage, storage and draining of water. There are 2-3 channels built on the middle of paddy subject for water control. That channel divides the paddy area perpendicular and horizontally bisect at a point. It is important to observe that almost all paddy area have one or two inlets and extra shops.

The former serve as entry of water required for the field and the later as outlets, one that stays at the bottom side of the dykes is supposed for draining out the water for harvesting paddy plants and fishes. The ultimate outlet constructed on the center peak of the dykes is meant for keeping applicable water depth. Once the dressing paintings is over, the paddy subject is prepared for transplantation of rice seedling and fish seed stocking. However, the stocking of fish seed is finished after 10-15 days of transplantation of rice seedling from its nursery mattress.

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