Chilli Malayalam Farming Video

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Chilli Malayalam Farming Video.Chilli is a peppery fruit that is used in many dishes everywhere in the international which includes India. Chilly is usually brought as an ingredient in a meals to make it spicy. At present, they are used both as an factor in food arrangements in addition to medicines. According to present day figures, India tops the chilli production listing observed by means of China, Peru, Spain and Mexico. Indian chillies specifically the only this is grown in Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh could be very well-known for its pungency and colour. There are a few large sized chillies as well and they’re referred to as bell peppers.

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Chilli belongs to circle of relatives Solanaceae and is botanically known as Capsicum annuum. It is a small, yearly shrub with a straight, branched shoot. It additionally has a tap root device with quite simple leaves. The plant life of chilli are white in coloration. In India chilli is likewise referred to as mirchi, lanka etc.

Climate requirement
Chilli is a tropical and sub-tropical plant that calls for a blend of heat, humid or dry climate. At the growing stage it calls for a warm and humid weather. Nevertheless, a dry climate is pretty desirable for fruit maturity. Temperature between 20⁰ to 25⁰C is ideal for the increase of chilli. If the temperature goes above 37⁰C then the fruit improvement gets affected. Likewise in case of heavy rainfall the plant defoliates and begins decomposing. But, in case of low moisture situations throughout the fruiting segment, the bud does not grow nicely. In brief, a high temperature or reasonably low humidity stage ought to cause deflowering.

Soil requirement
It is critical to realize that chillies need appropriate moisture for increase. Black soil which keeps hold of moisture is perfect if they may be grown as rainfed plants. Under irrigated situations, they want properly-drained filthy loam with wealthy natural content. Chillies can also be grown in deltaic soil under irrigated situations. In Uttarakhand or other hilly regions, soil is mixed with coarse sand and gravel earlier than beginning chilli cultivation.

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A neutral soil pH in the variety of 6.Five and 7.5 is right for chilli cultivation.

Right Season
Chilli may be cultivated as Kharif and Rabi crop. Additionally it is able to be planted at anytime. Sowing months for Kharif crop are May to June whilst for Rabi plants they are September to October. And in case you plant them as summer season plants then January and February are properly.

Watering
Chillies can not face up to a variety of water as a result heavy rain and stagnated water may want to smash the flora. In case of irrigated vegetation, you ought to water most effective while it is essential. Continuous watering might result in shedding of flowers and a burst of vegetative boom. Climatic situations and soil kind additionally comes to a decision the amount of water to be irrigated and in what frequency.

Planting Material
You need to realize that chillies are propagated from the seeds. So you should select disorder- free and accurate nice seeds at the time of cultivation. Here are some of the not unusual sorts used for industrial chilli cultivation:

Jwala – is grown in components of Gujarat

Kanthari – is grown in Kerala and some parts of Tamil Nadu

Kashmiri Chilli – North Indian states like Jammu-Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh

Madhya Pradesh GT Sannam – It is cultivated in Indore, Chikli, Elachpur and Malkapur areas of Madhya Pradesh

Bhagya Lakshmi – is grown in irrigated areas of Andhra Pradesh

TNAU Hybrid Chilli Co1 – it’s far developed by way of TNAU, Coimbatore

Land education
The land for chilli cultivation is ploughed at the least 2 to three times to carry it to a first-rate tilth. Unwanted materials gift inside the soil like gravel, stones need to be eliminated. If you are sowing the seeds without delay in the soil then it must be achieved along with the last ploughing cycle. During ploughing, you want to sterilize the soil properly so that diseases affecting the flora can be checked.

Sowing
The seeds of chillies need to in no way be pre-treated with chemical substances. Instead they must be treated with herbal fungicides. Eighty grams of seeds will be needed for sowing in one acre of land. Seeds are dealt with with Pseudomonas fluorescens first after which blended with Azospirillum. Afterwards it’s far coloration dried for half of hour.

Chilli seeds are commonly grown in nurseries after which the seedlings are transplanted. After sowing, the seeds should be well included with coco peat and watered each day until it begins germinating. You can transplant the seedlings as soon as they’re 35 days old.

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