One of the maximum sacred customs in Hindu weddings is tying the mangalsutra. A mangalsutra is essentially a black and gold beaded necklace with a gold or diamond pendant. Mangalsutra includes significant importance in Hindu weddings as well as within the lives of Hindu married ladies. It is tied across the neck of the bride with the aid of the groom at some point of the marriage rituals. It is a symbol of marriage and is worn by using the bride until her husband’s demise. The phrase mangalsutra can be deciphered as ‘sacred thread or twine’; as ‘mangal’ method auspicious and ‘sutra’ manner thread or wire. Though in look it seems like a jewelry object, it’s far honestly lots more than that. The concept is notion to have originated in South India, in which it’s miles called thali or thaaly or maangalyam. It is a yellow thread painted with turmeric paste and is tied across the bride’s neck with three knots.

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It is worn as a image of marital dignity and chastity. It is a promise from a husband to his spouse that they may constantly stay together. It depicts the union of the husband and the wife and protects them from evil. The mangalsutra occupies a enormous function in Hindu marriages and rituals. In modern-day times, mangalsutra has also emerge as a fashion statement. Women now go for distinctive designs and are prepared to test. Thanks to the soap operas on the television which have appreciably contributed to the exchange inside the attitude.


The form and length of mangalsutra may also range from kingdom to kingdom and place to location. In north India, it’s miles a necklace with black and gold beads with both a gold or diamond pendant. In the west, it consists of two gold rounds with black beads.

Wearing the Mangalsutra

The Mangalsutra is not just a chunk of jewellery that a lady wears, but it is considered to be one of the three most vital ‘Soubagyalankar’ (Soubhagya = marital reputation as married; alankar = decoration); an ornament that tells the arena that the wearer of this decoration is a married lady. The mangalsutra at the start became only a simple yellow thread, dyed with turmeric paste to which the pendant or the ‘Tanmaniya’ is tied. Later it evolved as black and gold beads are threaded on this sacred thread. The mangalsutra is placed around the girl’s neck via her husband at some stage in the process of marriage. The priest utters these mantras on behalf of the groom in Sanskrit, “Mangalyam thanthunanena mama jeevana hetuna / Kante badhnami shubage thwam jeeva sarada satam”, which translates into “This sacred thread is responsible for the well being of my lifestyles. You are the only having many auspicious traits. I am tying this thread round your neck with the hope that you stay hundred lengthy years with me”. Traditionally speaking, the mangalsutra is to be tied in three knots, each of which has special significance from the attitude of a wedding: first knot signifies lasting loyalty to the husband, second knot symbolizes commitment to the husband’s circle of relatives and 1/3 knot denotes devotion to the Almighty praying to him for protection of this precious bond. Although the primary knot is tied by using the groom, the second one and the 1/3 knot is tied by the groom’s sister possibly as a symbol of acceptance. Mangalsutras are generally lengthy that reaches a female’s chest, but in a few versions it could be much like a necklace and worn across the neck. It generally leads to a pendent both manufactured from gold, or gold in conjunction with diamonds. The woman is never presupposed to element together with her mangalsutra as long as her husband is alive. It is mandatory for widows to discard the mangalsutras together with other embellishes symbolic of marriage ‘soubhagya’. It is considered to be an ill omen if the thread of mangalsutra is damaged for a few reason.


In Indian society, a female’s identity is normally dependent on her husband’s name. Without a husband, a girl isn’t always considered a viable a part of a family. Widows in India nevertheless suffer social stigmas like discrimination and humiliation. So being married, and albeit having a happy marital life is a large success for a female and safeguards desires to be located with a view to defend it from evil intentions and terrible energies meant to cease the bliss. The safety extends to the life of the husbands and the mangalsutra is supposed to guard his properly-being. It is meant to defend him from any injuries or different mishaps. A lot of religion is put on the power of the black beads of the mangalsutra when it comes to well-being of the wedding and its sturdiness. The mangalsutra is supposed to remind the lady about her responsibilities, commitments and code of righteousness that she has to have a look at within the marriage, distracting her from adultery and other immoral conduct. The ornament bestows upon the girl a kind of Divine Aura or Tej. The left side of the mangalsutra exudes what’s referred to as Iccha-shakti or the power of one’s intentions, the right element exudes what’s known as Gnyan Shakti, the energy of 1’s information. And the junction wherein the two strings meet at the center is supposed to emit the Kriya-Shakti, or the energy of 1’s moves. Thus with the aid of combining all three powers, the wearer of the mangalsutra embodies the Divine Energy that will become the riding force of her and to those round her.


The mangalsutras normally incorporate of two parallel threads with black and gold beads ending in a pendant that could traditionally contain of 1 or two gold cups. Each element of the mangalsutra has unique importance in Hindu culture. The strands represent the energies of Shiva and Shakti. The conventional mangalsutra designs encompass stringing of nine black beads interspersed with 9 gold beads. These nine black beads constitute the 9 styles of the Primal Energy or Adishakti. They are supposed to appeal to all of the poor energies directed on the newly-wed couple. It absorbs these negative vibrations and helps expend them faraway from the lady’s frame. In that way, the mangalsutra guarantees safety from evil. The black beads include powers of the Earth and the Water Elements or Tattva at the same time as the gold beads encompass energies of the Fire and Air Elements. With the mixture of all the 4 elemental energies and their absolute powers radiating off in waves, they pressure out the negative Raja-Tama dominant energy vibrations. Hence the woman sporting the mangalsutra has the electricity to pressure out all of the terrible vibrations directed at her marital life by the energy of 4 factors.

The golden cups that the mangalsutra holds inside the center is placed immediately over the female’s Anahat Chakra or the fourth center glide of non secular enery in a human body. The void in the golden cups represents draining of a female’s emotion, sentiment and poor disposition of her frame and mind. This in the long run takes the girl beyond karma or her worldly obligations, rendering the decoration into some thing greater effective than an insignificant piece of jewellery to enhance the female’s ego.

Mangalsutra – Regional Variations & Designs

Although the concept of mangalsutra comes off mainly as a north Indian marriage way of life, most cultures in India have their own variant of the decoration. They fluctuate in shape and fabric sometimes, however the primary idea is the equal. It is said that the concept has migrated to north Indian cultures from that inside the south.

It is understood by many a name – Thaali, Dehjoor, Minnu or Mangalyam. Certain communities like the Bengali, Oriya, Assamese or the states inside the North east or even among Marwaris, they do not have a custom involving a mangalsutra.

Among the Sikh groups of Punjab, the bride’s father gives a gold kada and gold coins or mohres to the groom which might be then threaded right into a black thread and tied around the bride’s neck.

The Sindhi network upholds the way of life of carrying mangalsutra to lots importance and it is normally offered to the bride from the groom’s aspect.

Among Bihari network, the ladies put on what is called Taagpaag, which is an entirely black bead chain with gold pendant, very much like mangalsutras.

The Kashmiri Pandits put on what is referred to as Dejhoor. These are basically ear adorns that extends as much as the chest worn inside the piercing of the cartilage within the higher a part of the ear, first at the left after which the right on the wedding day. It is much like mangalsutra inside the feel that the women wear each wishing the wellbeing in their husbands.

The Tamils put on the equivalent of mangalsutra and they name it Thaali or Thirumangalyam. It essentially refers back to the pendant that is particular for numerous castes and sub-castes a few of the community. It is commonly worn with a gold chain referred to as ‘ManjaKayiru’ or certainly yellow thread dyed with turmeric at the day of the wedding. They may also wear it with the traditional mangalsutra black bead chain called nallapusalu.

Among the Syrian Christian communities in Kerala they use a variant of sacred wedding thread referred to as Minnu. These are just like Tamil Thaalis, but almost constantly consist of a move motif on them. The Hindu network makes use of Ela Thaali or Elagu Thaali. The phrase Ela refers to Leaf and the conventional design nearly continually consist of a leaf motif. Even Muslim communities in South Kerala wear Thaali as a part of their marriage custom.

Among Telugu communities the equivalent of mangalsutra is called Mangalasutramu or Pustelu or Maangalyamu or Ramar Thaali or Bottu. It is much like that of Tamil groups except that they incorporate an expansion of precious stones like coral and pearls. Traditional pendants consist of disc or cup motifs made of gold.

The Marathis wear mangalsutras with very precise bowl-fashioned Vaatis, normally made in gold and commonly in a couple. They have two sorts of variation based totally upon the layout of the chains – Nirgun, where the entire chain consists of black beads and Shagun, in which every 9 black beads is separated with the aid of gold beads.

The Konkani girls, after marriage put on 3 necklaces called Dhaaremani or Muhurthmani.

In the country of Karnataka the mangalsutra is referred to as Maangalya-Sutra. It is more or much less comparable in layout to the Maharashtrian Vaati and can be studded with pearls or colored corals. Among the Coorgi community the married ladies put on Karthamani Pathak, a fixed of two separate adorns. The Pathak is a pendant predominantly a gold coin that is surrounded by using cobra motif. The Karthamani is the necklace that holds the Pathak and is made from pearls that could or might not be embellished with gold.

Mangalsutra – Fashion Quotient

Mangalsutra has evolved from a traditional and mandatory ornament meant for Hindu married girls right into a proud fashion announcement. Design of the pendant has seen most changes. From simple gold round cup-like designs, it has seen incorporation of various modern-day design elements and experimentations with unique types of metals in addition to precious stones. Apart from 22 k gold, popular mangalsutra designs were created with 18 ok gold with numerous textures, platinum in addition to one-of-a-kind alloys. Use of diamond is exceedingly in fashion in recent times and most brides opt for them over 24-karat gold pendants. From usual leaf and flower motifs, the diamond mangalsutra have included geometric patterns or even alphabets. Length of the chain has also seen preference shift from longer ones to shorter. Use of gold within the chain is turning into less popular, with maximum brides choosing completely black chains.

As increasingly women are getting worried within the expert global, vying for positions that have been usually taken into consideration male dominant. They are also transferring faraway from the hometowns and starting to stay in greater cosmopolitan environments or even transferring to foreign countries. To preserve up with professional demands of specific attires like obligatory outfits, they are having to part methods with the mangalsutra and other embellishes. Despite of all these restrictions, the current Indian ladies are locating new ways to incorporate the mangalsutra into their current clothing through changing the make and opting for sleeker designs, simply to live close to their conventional heritage.


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