Types of False ceiling
Ceiling, the overhead floor or surfaces overlaying a room, and the underside of a floor or a roof. Ceilings are regularly used to hide floor and roof creation. They had been favored places for adornment from the earliest instances: either by using painting the flat floor, by emphasizing the structural members of roof or floor, or by way of treating it as a discipline for an overall sample of remedy.
Little is understood of historical Greek ceilings, however Roman ceilings were rich with remedy and painting, as is evidenced with the aid of the vault soffits of Pompeian baths. During the Gothic period, the overall tendency to use structural factors decoratively brought about the improvement of the beamed ceiling, wherein huge pass-girders assist smaller floor beams at proper angles to them, beams and girders being richly chamfered and molded and frequently painted in vibrant colorations.
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In the Renaissance, ceiling layout changed into advanced to its maximum pitch of originality and variety. Three types were elaborated. The first became the coffered ceiling, within the complicated layout of which the Italian Renaissance architects far outdid their Roman prototypes. Circular, rectangular, octagonal, and L-formed coffers abounded, with their edges richly carved and the sphere of each coffer decorated with a rosette. The second kind consisted of ceilings fully or in part vaulted, often with arched intersections, with painted bands emphasizing the architectural design and with pics filling the remainder of the space. The loggia of the Farnesina villa in Rome, adorned by using Raphael and Giulio Romano, is a great instance of this. In the Baroque duration, awesome figures in heavy remedy, scrolls, cartouches, and garlands had been extensively utilized to beautify ceilings of this type. The Pitti Palace in Florence and lots of French ceilings within the Louis XIV fashion illustrate this. In the third kind, which turned into especially characteristic of Venice, the ceiling became one huge framed photograph, as within the Doges’ Palace.
In modern structure ceilings can be divided into foremost instructions—the suspended (or hung) ceiling and the uncovered ceiling. With ceilings hung at a ways under the structural members, a few architects have sought to conceal excellent amounts of mechanical and electrical gadget, inclusive of electrical conduits, air-conditioning ducts, water pipes, sewage traces, and lighting. Most suspended ceilings use a light-weight metallic grid suspended from the shape with the aid of wires or rods to support plasterboard sheets or acoustical tiles. Other architects, emphasizing the classy of the uncovered structural gadget, satisfaction in revealing the mechanical and electrical device. In reaction to this choice, many structural structures had been evolved that have an expressive strength in themselves and make admirable ceilings